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Pasture, Rangeland, Forage

Pasture, Rangeland, and forages cover approximately 55 percent of all U.S. land. Forage grows differently in different areas, so it's important for farmers and ranchers to know which types and techniques work best for their region. The following insurance programs for pasture, rangeland, and forage (PRF) utilize various indexing systems to determine conditions. Also see livestock policies or PRF NAP Table.



New Rainfall Index (RI) - is based on weather data collected and maintained by NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center. The index reflects how much precipitation is received relative to the long-term average for a specified area and timeframe.

Vegetation Index (VI) - is based on the U.S. Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data derived from satellites observing long-term changes in greenness of vegetation of the earth since 1989.

Ineligibility Amendment (15-Ineligibility) modifies the Rainfall and Vegetation Index Plan of Insurance Basic Provisions for the 2015 and succeeding crop years.

Farm Bill Amendment (15-RIVI-Farm Bill) modifies the Rainfall and Vegetation Index Plan of Insurance Basic Provisions for the 2015 and succeeding crop years.

Forage Production Index - is based on NASS county level hay yield data (all hay or alfalfa hay). The index reflects how much hay is produced relative to the long-term trend for the county. Coverage is available for forage production in select counties.

Net Hay Production Index was terminated beginning with the 2009 crop year. Archive

Contact Information

For more information regarding these programs, please contact a qualified Crop Insurance Agent.

For more information regarding the contents of this page, please contact: RMA.KCVIRI@rma.usda.gov.